Recently, I came across a case when LDAP Directory Synchronization stopped syncing users in one cluster. When attempting to do a manual sync, the CUCM would throw the following error:
HTTP Status 500
The server encountered an internal error that prevented it from fulfilling this request
exception: BadPaddingException Invalid padding.
note: The Full stack trace of the root cause is available in the logs.
Attempting to make any modifications to the existing LDAP Directory configurations resulted in the same error and the issue appeared both on Pub and Sub nodes. Restarting Tomcat or Cisco DirSync service did not resolve the issue and the logs did not provide any useful information.
Well, there is a fix! Remove and re-create the LDAP Directory configuration(s) with identical settings and you should be good to go.
Hope this helps someone.